Light trespass

Light trespass is light falling where it is not intended or needed. Light trespass can be spill light from a streetlight or floodlight that enters a window and illuminates an indoor area causing problems, like sleep deprivation. 

When unwanted light enters one’s property, for instance, by shining light over a neighbour’s fence, the phenomenon is called light trespass. A number of cities in the U.S. have developed standards for outdoor lighting to protect the rights of their citizens against light trespass. To assist them, the International Dark-Sky Association has developed a set of model lighting ordinances.

An office building is illuminated by high pressure sodium (HPS)lamps shining upward. Much light goes into the sky and neighboring apartment blocks, causing light pollution.

When light goes up into the sky it reduces visibility of stars. This is any light which is emitted more than 90° above nadir. By limiting light at this 90° mark they have also reduced the light output in the 80–90° range which creates most of the light trespass issues. Light trespass can be reduced by selecting light fixtures which limit the amount of light emitted more than 80° above the nadir.